The telecommunications sector is regulated by the NCC, established by the Nigerian Communications Act (Communications Act, the principal legislation that governs telecommunications services).
The NCC is supervised by the Federal Ministry of Communications Technology.
If the application is successful, the applicant is required to pay the licence fee plus value added tax.
Prior to 1992, the telecommunications sector of Nigeria consisted of a monopoly provider, Nigerian Telecommunications Ltd (NITEL), which was previously owned by the government.
NITEL was the primary provider of both fixed wire and mobile cellular services, and was regulated by the Ministry of Communications.
An application must be made to the NCC for the specific licence sought by the applicant.
The completed application form should be submitted with a copy of the applicant’s certificate of incorporation, a certified true copy of the memorandum and articles of association, a passport-sized photograph of the applicant’s authorised representative, a copy of the applicant’s current tax clearance certificate and a feasibility report on the proposed service.
On the other hand, the National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) regulates the broadcasting sector and is supervised by the Federal Ministry of Information.
The NBC was established by the National Broadcasting Commission Act (NBC Act)., grant and renew licences for communications services, facilitate investments into the Nigerian market for the provision and supply of communications services, equipment and facilities, as well as protect and promote the interests of consumers against unfair practices (including but not limited to matters relating to tariffs and charges for and the availability and quality of communications services, equipment and facilities).An individual licence, on the other hand, is a specific authorisation to provide a major telecommunications service.The terms, conditions and obligations, scope and limitations of an individual licence are specific to the service that the licensee wishes to provide in Nigeria.The NBC’s powers also include the establishment of a national broadcasting code, setting of standards regarding the content and quality of materials for broadcast, and promoting Nigerian indigenous cultures and moral and community life through broadcasting.Anyone who wishes to provide a telecommunications or media or broadcasting service in Nigeria must do so through a body corporate and be licensed by the NCC or NBC, respectively.Each licence granted by the NCC authorises the licensee to carry out a specific number of activities.